Titanic Sinking Conspiracy

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The sinking of the Titanic, the largest and most luxurious cruise liner of its time, has become one of the most well-recognized and controversial events in recent history. 1,517 people lost their lives in the icy Atlantic on that fateful night of April 14, 1912. 100 years after the tragedy, the notion of such a formidable ship built to be "unsinkable" falling victim to an iceberg still seems almost impossible. Conspiracy theories regarding the sinking of the ship have reigned supreme in this skeptical environment. The most famous theory put the blame on a group of radical Catholics-the Jesuits. The Jesuits believed in an enlightened group of people-the illuminati-that would bring forth a new world order. Believers in the Titanic conspiracy theory believe that the Jetsuits, in attempt to establish a new Federal Reserve Bank for their new world order, carefully orchestrated the sinking of the Titanic in order to hinder opposition to their plans for the future.

Contents

History

Major Players

Anti-Federal Reserve Bank

Benjamin Guggenheim- Opponent of the new Federal Reserve Bank and President of International Steam Pump, Co.

Isa Strauss- Opponent of the new Federal Reserve Bank and partner of the Macy's Department Store.

Jacob Astor - Opponent of the new Federal Reserve Bank and the richest person on the Titanic's voyage.

Pro-Federal Reserve Bank (Illuminati)

Capt. Edward Smith- One of the most experienced sea Captains of his time and a 26-year veteran and master of Atlantic waters. Selected to have the honor of being Capitan of the Titanic's maiden voyage, Smith was also a devout Jesuit. Theory states that Smith getting the job as Captain was a ploy by the Jesuits to ensure that a devout Catholic was in control-one who would do anything in the name of faith.

The Rothschilds- The "banking dynasty of Europe," the Rothschilds were represented by Paul Warburg. This family was allegedly affiliated with the Jesuits as well and were the key to restoring power to the Pope and establishing a New World Order. This family was referred to as a 'satanic' family and was one of the wealthiest bloodlines of all time.

The Rockefellers- Also referred to as a 'satanic' bloodline, the Rockefellers were and still are of the richest families in the United States, represented by Nelson Aldrich and Frank Vanderclip.

J.P Morgan- Represented by Henry Davidson, Charles Norton and Benjamin Strong, this family was another front-runner in the race to the richest in America, obtaining their wealth in steel manufaturing. Most of the Titanic's construction was financed by the JPM Steel Co.

Summit at Jekyll Island

Before the voyage began, on 1910 a secret meeting of the most wealthy and influential leaders in the United States met in Jekyll Island off the coast of Georgia to draft a bill for the Federal Reserve Bank (1932 Wells). Paul Wanourg, a German investment banker, spearheaded the movement, wanting to model the new United States Federal System after the German system. Conspiracists believe that the Rockefeller, Morgan, and .Rothschilds families were affiliated with the illuminati/Jesuits, and favored a central bank to allocate all funds in one place so that it would be easy to take funds out and use money to support the ideal of a new world order. Astor, Strauss, and Guggenheim opposed the idea, realizing that the centralization of banks would result in the exploitation of the bank by the government. They wanted banking power to lie in many branches individually owned, and not in one central location. Regardless, the result of this meeting was the Aldrich Bill, named after Senator Nelson Aldrich, a proponent of the bill and chair of the comission on the new Federal Reserve Bank. The purpose of the bill was to "provide an elastic currency" (1932 Wells) that would expand and contract in correlation with the needs of the public. The conspiracy theory states that the Jesuits were passionate and believed in the docrine "the ends justify the means," and would do anything to promote the new Federal Reserve Bank-even if it meant eliminating the obstacles in their way. This is where the Titanic entered the picture.

Role of The Titanic

Constructed in 1909 and finished in 1912, the RMS Titanic was, at the time, the largest vessel on the water. The Titanic was built out of vanity and human ingenuity-attempting to make the biggest, best, and first of it's kind. The ship topped out at 882 feet and 9 inches in length and weighed 46,328 tons. Titanic was meant to be a first class luxury ship for the millionaire elite as well as to hold as much cargo and steerage as possible. The Titanic's maiden voyage was to begin in Ireland and end in New York. On board were some of the richest and most influential people of the time. Benjamin Guggenheim, Isa Strauss, and Jacob Astor, were all passengers on the ship. These three men were most likely the most wealthy people of their time. Thusly, their opinion mattered greatly in matters of government and economics. These three were valiant opposers to the idea of a Federal Reserve Bank. The Jesuits were in favor of this bank because it would allow a continuous pool of money to fund their exploits to bring the Pope back to power in their New World Order. J.P. Morgan, a Jesuit and the man chosen to contract The Titanic, would also have been on board but canceled at the last minute. According to theory, Morgan was forced by his fellow Jetuits to construct the vessel as a death trap in order to bring down the wealthy opposers of the Federal Reserve Bank. Oddly enough, Morgan was on the list of passengers, yet canceled his ticket shortly before the ship set sail, possibly because he knew the imminent danger of continuing on the voyage.

Tragedy Strikes on the Atlantic

On April 14th, 1912, the same date in history as the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, the Titanic struck an iceberg and sank, carrying Captain Smith, Astor, Strauss, and Guggenheim with her. It is alleged that Captain Smith, knowing exactly where the icebergs were, steered the Titanic directly into one iceberg's path, in line with the objective that the Jesuits had set out to achieve. Being such an experienced Capitan, Smith should have known to follow cautionary procedures and, with his extensive knowledge of the Atlantic waters, should have easily avoided these icebergs. It is also noted that the ship made an unscheduled course change and was ordered full steam ahead shortly before the iceberg impact. It is also alleged that there were purposely not enough lifeboats on the ship to ensure the doom of the selected passengers on board. Another theory is that the white flares jettisoned during the last moments of the Titanic were misread by nearby ships as celebratory flares. They thought that the passengers on the Titanic were having a party. In reality, the flares should have been red to signal distress. The shortcomings of the design of the Titanic were planned, in theory. This is the only way that this "unsinkable" ship cold have possibly been sunk. "Theorists believe that the mysteries surrounding the sinking of the Titanic are simply too coincidental not to be premeditated" (2010 Titanic Conspiracy).

The SS Californian and the RMS Carpathia

Another conspiracy that formed around the Titanic Tragedy was that of the SS Californian. Allegedly, the Californian, captained by Stanley Lord, was within 20 miles of the Titanic at the time of sinking and ignored the distress signals and flares shot off the Titanic. The Californian's radio operator was asleep at the time and was notified of the flares late during the night of the sinking. After the sinking, during the British Court of Inquiry on the sinking, Captain Stanley Lord was investigated by Lord Mersey of the Board. It was concluded that Captain Lord was later informed about the flares and did not respond accordingly (1999 Howells).

"Had she done so, she might have saved many if not all of the lives that were lost." (1912 Gibbs)

"The Californian. She could have reached the Titanic if she had made the attempt when she saw the first rocket. She made no attempt." (1996 Gardiner)

He lost his job as a result of the event, yet later got another job with a new line and life continued for him (2010 Nitzer). Even traveling at top speed-17.5 knots-the Carpathia was still three and a half hours away from the sinking Titanic when the first distress calls came in. The Carpathia arrived at 4:00AM to the scene,an hour and a half after the Titanic had sunk. She did, however, manage to rescue the 700+ passengers in lifeboats and bring them back to safety in New York (1999 Howells). There was no way for the Carpathia to come to the Titanic in time for her to rescue the passengers of the Titanic.

Investigating the Titanic Conspiracy

Many believe that the Titanic tragedy was designed to pull off one the largest acts of insurance fraud. The sister ship of Titanic, Olympia had damaged during one voyage and turned to be completely useless. Many experts show evidence that support this theory. There is small difference between Titanic and Olympia. And after Olympia had damaged, it was designed to look like Titanic. Most common inconsistency in the story of sinking of the Titanic is the differing paint jobs between the two ships. The Olympic’s hull was painted white for more media pictures, while her sister, the Titanic was the more used black. Many marine insurance frauds have been documented throughout the course of time.


Results of the Sinking

Guggenheim Strauss and Astor, all opponents of the Federal Reserve Bank, died during the sinking of the Titanic. In December 1913, approximately one year and eight months after the Titanic drifted to the bottom of the Atlantic, the Federal Reserve Bank was chartered. One year later, the United States entered World War I. It is believed that the Jesuits used the Federal Reserve Bank to fund both World Wars as well as other countries such as Germany and Russia.

Proponents

Opposers of the Federal Reserve Bank

It is difficult to pinpoint one individual that "started" the conspiracy, but it's roots can be traced back to the opposition faced by the Federal Reserve Bank movement. Opposers of the bank included Americans that were for less government interference and more private, citizen-owned enterprise. White House 2, a website forum for U.S. citizens to share opinions about the government, describes the bank system:"The Federal Reserve Bank is a privately owned enterprise, with no affiliation with the Federal government. Allowing unlimited power to be given to a private company with no restrictions, oversight or control violates every aspect of our system of government." The Federal Reserve Bank is headed by the Chairman of the Federal Reserve, Ben Bernanke. However, the federal government do not have much say in how the Federal Reserve Bank (FED) is run. The bank does collaborate with the government to make a reasonable and agreeable budget, but many think that the FED has too much power to allocate and distribute funds without much regulation. Thusly, there is much controversy and heated opinions surrounding this issue.

Analysis

Validity and Explanation

The British Court of Inquiry

On April 23, 1912, the Lord Chancellor of London appointed a panel of five nautical experts and a Wreck Commissioner under the terms of the British Merchant Shipping Act to assist him in investigating the Titanic disaster (1996 Gardiner). The findings of the court contradict many conspiracy theories that came up later. For example:

"The Board of Trade [found] that [Captain Smith's] acceleration into a known ice field had been "a very grievous mistake"-but not negligence, because hehad been following established custom and practice by not slowing down for ice warnings in clear weather."(1996 Gardiner)

This debunks the theory that Captain Smith purposely accelerated into the ice field in order to wreck the ship. Also, it is hard to believe that a Captain of his merit would purposely wreck a ship in that manner. Another finding of the Court stated:

"Question twenty-five asked whether the ship had been "properly constructed and adequately equipped as a passenger steamer and emigrant ship for the Atlantic service". Despite the mass of evidence about deficient bulkheads and lifeboats, the entire answer consisted of one word: "Yes"!"(1996 Gardiner)

Although there were only enough lifeboats for half of the passengers on board, the Titanic was in compliance with the Merchant Shipping Act regarding safety features and was not purposely carrying insufficient lifeboats.

Logical Fallacies

Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc

Like many conspiracy theories, this one surrounding the Titanic disaster has roots deep in faulty reasoning. The logical fallacy post hoc ergo propter hoc, or "after this therefore because of this", assumes that just because something happens right after another that the first event was a cause of the second. Many believe that because only a short year after the Titanic sank the Federal Reserve Bank was established, that the Titanic sinking had to be a factor. There is no way to prove that these two events have any correlation with each other. Also there are a lot of connections in the theory that seem somewhat farfetched. There are a number of different instances going on in this story: the struggle for a Federal Reserve bank, the safety regulations of the Titanic and their effectiveness, the Jesuit religion and their goals, and the struggle between the rich and the common man. All of these struggles can act independent of each other, but in the Titanic conspiracy theory it seems that they were all over-analyzed to find commonalities between them and then strung together into a complex web weaving in one conflict and out of another. The story seems to make connections that are not unique to the situation, such as how because Capt. Smith was a devout Catholic and therefore was a part of the Jesuit conspiracy to kill all opposed to their ideas.

Subjective Validation

Another fallacy demonstrated in this theory is subjective validation. The fact that Abraham Lincoln's assassination fell on the same calendar date as the sinking of the Titanic seems to be pushed as an important correlation in the theory. In reality, this means nothing and cannot prove anything about the validity of the theory. This is similar to the 9/11 conspiracy claim that because the numerical date of the attacks on the World Trade Center are 9-1-1, a combination associated with emergency or distress. There is nothing about these subjective connections that makes the story any more believable.

Non-Sequitur

The one fallacy that stands firm about the conspiracies surrounding the Titanic sinking is the fact that these reasonings are completely non-sequitur. In other words, they don't add up. The Titanic, an "unsinkable" ship, sinks on it's maiden voyage. Such a tragedy couldn't have been a coincidence, so, it must have been the Jesuits! The jump from "the Titanic sinking" to putting the blame on a radical religious group just does not add up. There is not sufficient motive or evidence for this theory to work. Historically, the Jesuits have been blamed for many untimely disasters, even as far-fetched as earthquakes. Thusly, there is little legitimate back up data to do this theory justice logically.

Clash of Religion and Politics

Furthermore, there are too many hot-button issues floating around this conspiracy theory. Religion, politics, economics, and government in generall are all woven together into this theory. This can be explained through principles of personality theory in the writings of Sigmund Freud. When these topics interact, it more often than not results into an explosion of controversy; as does the Titanic conspiracy theory. Religious bias, such as Christianity and Judaism, depends too much on emotional ties and deeply-embedded morals that make up the superego portion of the personality. However, the ego portion of the personality, which deals with logic and reason , is phased out when emotional causes come into play.

Criticisms

The main aim of this conspiracy theory was to target the super-rich of the early 1900's. Families such as the Rockefellers, due their immense wealth, had a lot of power and say in government operations. Disgruntled common people out of spite for these excessively wealthy tycoons came up with theories that they were 'satanic bloodlines' and that their riches could not have been acquired without some type of under the table dealing or evil. By investing in education, government programs, and economic programs, the Rockefellers established themselves into the U.S government and developed strong relationships between all branches of government. These families seemed to have governmental immunity and could do whatever they wanted and get as rich as they could with no limits.


These families were all affiliated with the Jesuit, and as such, supported the idea of a central bank. Many citizens were opposed to this idea because it would allow government to have access to unlimited funding for projects, which would be an asset to the Jesuit goal of a New World Order. A reason why the Titanic conspiracy may have been developed could be to reveal the evil of these families and how they had been attempting to manipulate their wealth and position in government to further the cause of a New World Order. The New World Order of the Jesuits is yet another theory that is complimented the Titanic conspiracy.

It is also hard to believe that such a large scale loss of life would be implemented to simply kill off three tycoons that opposed the federal reserve bank. This is similar to the September 11th conspiracy theories. It is highly doubtful that the U.S. Government would allow such a loss of American life if they had known about the attacks before they happened. This event was extraordinary, but the evidence does not justify the action. Sinking a huge ship that cost millions of dollars to make, on it's maiden voyage, purposely, just doesn't make much sense. Although the Jesuits were considered a radical group, it is unreasonable to believe that they would take down an entire ship full of civilians and innocent people simply to further the cause of the Federal Reserve Bank in America. (I wouldn't go so far to say 'unreasonable' because the rich are often the most greedy. If they had an avid desire for the Federal Reserve Bank and the ability to take down an entire ship to advance its establishment, I would say that it could be quite possible. I don't necessarily disagree with your statement, but you also have to consider that just because something "seems" unlikely or iniquitous does not validate it as evidence to the argument.)

Furthermore, as in most event conspiracies, the stress related with the event drastically impacts one's ability to logically assess what happened. High tensions between the super-rich and common people of the U.S, coinciding with the Titanic tragedy, made for an ideal opportunity to splice the two together into a conspiracy against the rich without proper logical reasoning and thorough analysis (2009 Lincoln) It is also easy to put the blame on a group that is opposed by a majority, such as the jesuits. By assuming that the Titanic sinking was too great of a feat to be simply an accident, it is easy to lay the blame on a reason that has nothing to do with the actual issue at hand.

Cited References

Benjamin Guggenheim.(1912). New York Times, Retrieved 19 Feb. 2010 from Encyclopedia-Titanica database. <http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/benjamin-guggenheim-1.html>.

Carcarus1. (2010). "Keep the US Economy out of Privately Owned Federal Reserve Bank". White House 2. <http://www.whitehouse2.org/priorities/2174-keep-the-us-economy-out-of-private-owned-fed-reserve-bank>.

Collier, Peter & David Horowitz. (1976). The Rockefellers: An American Dynasty. New York Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Gardiner, Robin and Dan Van der Vat. (1996). The Titanic Comspiracy: Cover-Ups and Mysteries of the World's most Famous Sea Disaster. New York. Birch Lane Press.

Howells, Richard. (1999). The Myth of the Titanic. New York, St. Martin's Press.

"The Titanic Conspiracy Theory, Investigating the Titanic Conspiracy." RMS Titanic Sinking, The Titanic Ship Wreck Facts, Titanic Pictures & History. Web. 17 Apr. 2010. <http://www.titanicuniverse.com/the-titanic-conspiracy-investigating-the-titanic-conspiracy-theory/265>.

Lincoln, T. , Peter, N. , Schafer, M. , & Moritz, S. (2009). Impact of Stress on Paranoia: An Experimental Investigation of Moderators and Mediators. Psychological Medicine, 39(7), 1129-1139.

Maddox. (2007). "Unfastened Coins: Titanic Truth Movement". <http://www.thebestpageintheuniverse.net>.

Marcus, Brian A.(1999). Fear Itself:Enemies Real and Imagined in American Culture. West LaFayette, IN. Perdue University Press.

Nitzer, Dave. The Titanic and the Mystery Ship. FrameSet. <http://home.earthlink.net/~dnitzer/Frameset.html>.

Savage, Andy. (2010) Conspiracy Theory: Titanic Sinking and the Federal Reserve.ABC Article Directory. <http://www.abcarticledirectory.com/Article/Conspiracy-Theory--Titanic-Sinking-and-The-Federal-Reserve/802342>.

The Titanic Conspiracy.(2010). Titanic Universe, 18 Feb. 2010. <http://www.titanicuniverse.com/the- titanic-conspiracy>.

Wells, Donald R. (2004). The Federal Reserve System: A History.Jefferson, NC. McFarland & Co.

Wood, Erik D., Tracy Smith, and Michael H. Standart. (2001) The Californian, a Reality Check. Encyclopedia Titanica. 28 Feb. 2010. <http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/californian-incident.html>.

Yurchey, Doug.(2002). Who Sunk the Titanic?. <http://www.world-mysteries.com/doug_titanic1.htm>.

Additional References

Encyclopedia Titanica

"A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America"-Michael Barkun

Skepdic

Related Topics

Illuminati Conspiracy Theories

The Federal Reserve and the New World Order

New World Order

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